What are the competences of your municipality?
Monday, June 29, 2020
Citizen participation was one of the key issues in the 2020 municipal campaign. After the elections, intentions can give way to action. But do citizens really know the competences of their commune? How can we be sure that an idea proposed via Fluicity, for example, can actually be implemented? Does the proposal fall within the scope of the community, or should it be brought to the level of the department, or even the region ?
No need to panic! Fluicity guides you here on the organization of a community on different participation themes.
The commune's areas of competence
The competencies of land use planning
- In the area of urban planning**, the commune has decision-making authority for local urban plans (PLU) and concerted development zones (ZAC) (https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zone_d%27am%C3%A9nagement_concert%C3%A9). In some cases, these powers may require the intervention of the intermunicipal authority** or the metropolis to which the city is attached. But also the State and associated regulations, such as the national urban planning rules or citizen consultations. Individual building permits are the responsibility of the city.
- It is responsible for the maintenance of the municipal road system.
- It also has a hand in spatial planning and sustainable mobility. For example: the creation of bicycle paths, the placement of speed bumps, traffic control near schools, etc...
Read more: How to co-construct the city with citizens
The competences in the field of education
- The city is in charge of education for the youngest children, with the management of nursery and elementary schools, from their creation to their financing, with the exception of teachers' salaries, which are the responsibility of the State.
- The colleges and high schools, on the other hand, are the responsibility of the metropolis.
- The municipality can set up community social action centers (CCAS). These include day-care centers, homes for the elderly and sometimes local medical centers.
- In the same way, the commune manages the organization of local public services. These services are the day-care centers, the local post office and the multidisciplinary health center.
- Your community has the power to create and maintain cultural facilities such as libraries, conservatories, museums and theaters. The city is also in charge of cultural events.
- The sports facilities and clubs are also part of its competences, as are their management and subsidies.
- The promotion of local tourism is also part of its missions.
- The Town Hall manages issues related to the civil registry (birth, marriage and death certificates).
- It is also in charge of the electoral life: organization of polling stations, sending out of voters' cards.
- Finally, it ensures the management of local law enforcement services, such as the local police.
- For some years now, the commune has had a more important role in local development: land use planning, shops, culture, etc...
In some cases, when a request concerns services outside the city, or a competence shared with other communities (intercommunality, metropolis, agglomeration), the city can act as intermediary with these other entities.
The competences of the commune summarized in 1 image](communecompetences-1030x1030.png)
The competences of the commune summarized
All the municipal services are called upon to respond to the requests of citizens. Thus, each idea posted on the application is read and studied by the administrators of the platform. The local manager in charge of Fluicity will then consult and solicit the municipal services that are responsible for the idea. For example, if the idea concerns the creation of a new crosswalk, the request will be sent to the local road department.
Fluicity facilitates the readability of competences
To facilitate the dialogue between the different entities, and to allow citizens to see more clearly in this administrative "mille-feuilles", Fluicity now offers participation spaces at the territory level. This is the case of BEP Namur (Bureau Economique de la province de Namur), in Belgium, which has a main space and several affiliated sub-spaces that are the different competences of the province.
Citizens can thus propose their ideas for the city or the territory. If they do not fall within the competence of the local elected official, the ideas will be forwarded to the higher decision-making level.
Want to know more?